Описание: In recent years, many Central American nations have experienced recurring
food deficits and have become importers of food, rather than exporters, as they once
were (see Murdoch, 1980: 98-166~ Barry and Preusch, 1986: 144-162).
Simultaneously, their economies have become increasingly dependent on exports of
primary agricultural products. Such agro-export expansion not only increased the
integration of these economies into the international market, but it also initially fueled
high rates of growth and provided the necessary foreign exchange with which to import
essential goods and pay off their debt. However, as a result of economic policies
which have promoted the extension and elaboration of the commercial agricultural
export sector, the land available for food production has decreased, and the food
resources of Central America are being threatened (Super and Wright, 1985: xi).